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2019年社保十大事件降低社保率位居前列
2020-01-08 00:13  www.welcome2asia.com

2019年12月31日,由中国社会保障学会68位学者评选出的2019年度全国社会保障领域十件大事正式发布。较大幅度降低社会保险费率、出台3岁以下婴幼儿照护服务发展政策、设立儿童福利司与养老服务司、全面取消城乡居民医疗保险个人账户、应对人口老龄化中长期规划等备受民众关注的事件位列其中。

On December 31,2019,10 major events in the field of national social security in 2019, selected by 68 scholars of the China Society of Social Security, were officially released. Among the high-profile incidents, such as the substantial reduction of social insurance rates, the introduction of policies for the development of infant and child care services under the age of three, the establishment of the Child Welfare Department and the Pension Service Department, the total elimination of individual accounts of medical insurance for urban and rural residents, and the response to the medium- and long-term population ageing plan, were among them.

中国社会保障学会会长郑功成教授指出,评选年度社会保障领域发生的重大事件,是中国社会保障学会常务理事会与青年委员会每年在民主推荐的基础上投票评选的一项例行活动,完全按照得票多少进行排序,代表的是我国社会保障学界的总体看法。

Professor Zheng Gongcheng, President of the Chinese Society of Social Security, pointed out that the selection of the major events in the field of social security of the year is a routine activity of the Standing Council and the Youth Committee of the Chinese Society of Social Security to vote on the basis of democratic recommendation every year.

郑功成教授表示,党的十九届四中全会通过的《决定》首次提出民生保障制度概念并做出相应的部署,意味着统筹考虑并协同推进各项与民生相关的政策将逐步取代过去单项推进的做法,获得的将是民生保障与民生改善的综合效应。

Professor Cheng said that the \"Decision\" adopted by the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee for the first time proposed the concept of livelihood protection system and made corresponding arrangements, meaning that the overall consideration and coordinated promotion of various policies related to people's livelihood will gradually replace the practice of single advance in the past, and will gain a comprehensive effect on livelihood protection and improvement of people's livelihood.

郑功成教授还指出,进入社会保障学者视野的重要事件还有民政部先后发布《关于进一步健全农村留守儿童和困境儿童关爱服务体系的意见》和《关于进一步加强事实无人抚养儿童保障工作的意见》,这标志着困境儿童保障工作进一步得到强化。

Professor Cheng also pointed out that the important events that have entered the field of vision of social security scholars include the \"Opinions on Further Improving the Care and Care Service System for Left-behind Children and Children in Need in Rural Areas\" and the \"Opinions on Further Strengthening the Guarantee of Unaccompanied Children\" issued by the Ministry of Civil Affairs, which marked a further strengthening of the protection of children in need.

人力资源社会保障部发布《关于加快推进工伤保险基金省级统筹工作的通知》,这意味着《中华人民共和国社会保险法》中明确规定的工伤保险采取省级统筹进入具体实施阶段。

The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security issued the Circular on Accelerating the Provincial Overall Planning of the Industrial Injury Insurance Fund, which means that the work-related injury insurance, as clearly stipulated in the Social Insurance Law of the People's Republic of China, has entered the specific stage of implementation as a whole at the provincial level.

国家医疗保障局发布《关于做好2019年医疗保障基金监管工作的通知》是继2018年开展打击医疗保障欺诈专项行动的持续发展,其目的是治理医疗保障中的欺诈行为,将有效地维护医保基金安全;国家医疗保障局发布《关于国家组织药品集中采购和使用试点扩大区域范围的实施意见》则为药品集中采购提供依据,有利于减轻医保基金和患者的负担。

The National Medical Security Bureau issued the \"Notice on the Supervision of the Medical Security Fund for 2019\", which is a continuous development of the special action to combat medical security fraud in 2018, with the aim of controlling the fraud in medical security, and will effectively maintain the safety of medical insurance funds.

退役军人事务部部务会议审议通过《伤残抚恤管理办法》,进一步规范和加强了退役军人事务部门管理的伤残抚恤工作。

The adoption of the Measures on the Administration of Disability Pensions at the Ministry of Veterans Affairs Conference further standardized and strengthened the management of the disability pension work in the Department of Veterans Affairs.

1、民生保障制度概念首次提出。2019年10月31日,党的十九届四中全会《决定》首次提出民生保障制度的概念,并将其作为中国特色社会主义制度体系的重要构成部分加以阐述,明确提出要坚持和完善民生保障制度,满足人民日益增长的美好生活需要。

1. The concept of livelihood security system was first proposed. On October 31,2019, the Decision of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee put forward for the first time the concept of the people's livelihood security system and expounded it as an important component of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics.

2、降低社会保险费率综合方案实施。2019年4月1日,国务院办公厅发布《降低社会保险费率综合方案的通知》,同时发布《降低社会保险费率综合方案》,这是首次大幅度降低社会保险费率,是减轻企业负担的重大举措。

2. Implementation of the Integrated Social Security Rate Reduction Programme. On April 1,2019, the General Office of the State Council issued the Circular on the Comprehensive Plan to Reduce the rate of Social Insurance, and at the same time issued the Comprehensive Plan to reduce the rate of Social Insurance, which is the first major measure to reduce the burden on enterprises.

3、促进3岁以下婴幼儿照护服务发展政策出台。2019年4月17日,国务院办公厅发布《关于促进3岁以下婴幼儿照护服务发展的指导意见》,这意味着3岁以下婴幼儿照顾正式进入公共政策方略,将有力推动该事业的发展。

3. Promote the development of infant care services under 3 years of age. On April 17, 2019, the General Office of the State Council issued

4、《国家积极应对人口老龄化中长期规划》发布。2019年11月21日,中共中央、国务院发布《国家积极应对人口老龄化中长期规划》,这为完善我国应对老龄化政策体系及中长期行动方案提供了依据。

4. The State's medium- and long-term plan for actively responding to the ageing of the population was issued. On November 21,2019, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council issued the National Plan to actively respond to the aging of the population in the medium and long term, which provides the basis for improving the policy system and the medium- and long-term action plan to deal with the aging of the population in China.

5、民政部设置儿童福利司与养老服务司。根据《民政部职能配置、内设机构和人员编制规定》,民政部设立的“儿童福利司”和“养老服务司”在2018年底定编,2019年正式建立,同时要求地方在2019年建立儿童福利与养老服务的专门机构。这首次明确了儿童福利与养老服务的部门管理职责,标志着在中央政府层面对儿童福利和养老服务事业有了统筹发展的机构。

5. The Ministry of Civil Affairs establishes the Child Welfare Department and the Pension Service Department. According to the Ministry of Civil Affairs's functional allocation, internal organization and staffing regulations, the Ministry of Civil Affairs established the \"Child Welfare Department\" and \"Pension Service Department\" in the end of 2018, and formally established in 2019, while requiring the local establishment of a special agency for child welfare and pension services in 2019. For the first time, it defines the department's management responsibilities for child welfare and old-age care services, and marks an integrated development of child welfare and old-age care services at the central government level.

6、全面取消城乡居民医疗保险个人账户。2019年4月26日,国家医疗保障局、财政部发布《关于做好2019年城乡居民基本医疗保障工作的通知》,强调全面取消城乡居民医保个人账户,从而发出了取消医保个人账户,增强制度互助共济功能的信号。

6. Complete elimination of individual accounts of medical insurance for urban and rural residents. On April 26,2019, the State Medical Security Bureau and the Ministry of Finance issued the Circular on doing a good job in the basic medical security work for urban and rural residents in 2019, emphasizing the total cancellation of the personal account of urban and rural residents'medical insurance, thus sending a signal to cancel the personal account of medical insurance and enhance the mutual aid and mutual aid function of the system.

7、国务院办公厅发布《关于推进养老服务发展的意见》。2019年3月29日,国务院办公厅发布《关于推进养老服务发展的意见》,这是新时期全面推进养老服务事业发展的重要文件,是中央政府继2013年后再次出台的综合性政策文件,为消除以往部门分割、政策失衡并促进整个养老服务业发展提供了日益清晰的政策依据。

7. The General Office of the State Council issued the Opinions on Promoting the Development of Pension Services. On March 29,2019, the General Office of the State Council issued the Opinions on Promoting the Development of Pension Service, which is an important document for promoting the development of pension service in an all-round way in the new period and a comprehensive policy document issued by the central government after 2013, which provides an increasingly clear policy basis for eliminating the segmentation of previous departments, policy imbalance and promoting the development of the whole pension service industry.

8、国家医疗保障标准化建设全面启动。2019年6月20日,国家医疗保障局发布《医疗保障标准化工作指导意见》,同时陆续公布了15项相关标准,这标志着我国医疗保障体系标准化建设的全面启动。

8. The construction of national standardization of medical security has been fully launched. On June 20,2019, the National Medical Security Bureau issued the guidance on the work of standardization of medical security, while 15 related standards were published one after another, which marked the full start of the standardization construction of the medical security system in China.

9、中办、国办出台退役士兵社会保险转移接续新政。2019年4月28日,中共中央办公厅、国务院办公厅发布《关于解决部分退役士兵社会保险问题的意见》,这个文件着重解决了退役士兵社会保险转移接续问题。

9. The Office of the Central Government and the Office of the State have introduced a new deal for the social security transfer of retired soldiers. On April 28,2019, the General Office of the CPC Central Committee and the General Office of the State Council issued the \"Opinions on Solving the Social Security Problem for some Retired Soldiers,\" a document focusing on the issue of the transfer of social insurance to retired soldiers.

10、2019年11月29日,人力资源社会保障部等发布《香港澳门台湾居民在内地(大陆)参加社会保险暂行办法》,为港澳台居民在内地参加社会保险制度提供了依据。(孝金波江宏)

On 29 November 2019, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security and others issued the Interim Measures on the Participation of Taiwan Residents of Hong Kong and Macao in the Mainland (Mainland), which provided a basis for residents of Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan to participate in the social insurance system in the Mainland. (Hsiao Kin-bo-Kang Hong)

推荐阅读  记者从中国国家铁路集团有限公司获悉,京港高铁南昌至赣州段(以下简称京港高铁昌赣段)于12月26日开通运营,井冈山革命老区、赣南等原中央苏区迈入高铁时代,江西省实现市市通动车。

Recommended Reading The reporter learned from China National Railway Group Co., Ltd., the Beijing-Hong Kong high-speed railway Nanchang to Ganzhou section (hereinafter referred to as the Beijing-Hong Kong high-speed railway Changgan section) opened operations on December 26, Jinggangshan revolutionary old areas, Gannan and other former central Soviet areas into the era of high-speed rail, Jiangxi Province to achieve city train.

  12月20日,国务院安委会办公室、应急管理部召开全国安全防范暨专项督查工作视频会议。这次专项督查,由应急管理部、国家发改委、工信部、公安部、生态环境部等相关部委领导带队,分别组成16个组,对北京、河北、山西等省份开展专项督查。

On december 20, the safety committee office of the state council and the department of emergency management held a video conference on national security prevention and special supervision. This special supervision and inspection, led by the Ministry of Emergency Management, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of the Ecological Environment and other relevant ministries and commissions, respectively, formed 16 groups to carry out special supervision and inspection in Beijing, Hebei, Shanxi and other provinces.