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多方发力,破解蓄电池回收难题
2020-01-08 01:05  www.welcome2asia.com

  近年来,我国新能源汽车产销呈现快速增长,与此同时也带来了汽车动力蓄电池回收的新问题。据报道,目前我国新能源汽车动力蓄电池已经进入规模化退役期,到2020年,退役电池累计约为25吉瓦时。面对如此庞大的数量,如何做好新能源汽车电池回收、置换等工作,成为一道现实考题。

In recent years, the production and sales of new energy vehicles in China have increased rapidly, and at the same time, it has brought new problems in the recovery of automobile power batteries. It is reported that at present, the new energy vehicle power battery in China has entered the period of large-scale retirement, and by 2020, the accumulative total of retired battery is about 25 kwh. In the face of such a large number, how to do a good job of new energy car battery recovery, replacement and other work, become a reality test.

  在新能源汽车快速发展的大环境下,答好这道考题颇为紧迫。相比较传统燃油车,新能源汽车以其节约燃油能源、减少废气排放的优点,成为行业发展趋势。倘若电池回收的问题得不到有效解决,不仅可能造成严重的资源浪费和环境污染,对新能源汽车行业的健康发展也将带来负面影响。正因如此,从启动新能源汽车国家监测与动力蓄电池回收利用溯源综合管理平台,到在试点省份探索建立蓄电池回收体系,再到制定汽车回收行业标准、加大技术研发力度,政府和企业的未雨绸缪,都是为了让退役电池能得到更好回收和利用。

In the environment of the rapid development of new energy vehicles, it is urgent to answer this question. Compared with traditional fuel vehicles, new energy vehicles have become the industry development trend because of their advantages of saving fuel energy and reducing exhaust emissions. If the problem of battery recycling cannot be effectively solved, it may not only cause serious waste of resources and environmental pollution, but also have a negative impact on the healthy development of new energy automobile industry. For this reason, from the launch of the new energy vehicle national monitoring and power battery recycling traceability integrated management platform, to explore the establishment of battery recycling system in the pilot provinces, to the establishment of auto recycling industry standards, more technology research and development efforts, the government and enterprises plan ahead, is to make retired batteries can be better recycling and utilization.

  蓄电池回收,难点不在于“要不要”,而是“如何做”。单从回收环节来看,如何平衡车主、车企的利益就是不小难题。从车主角度,换个电池动辄好几万,二手车置换卖不上价,究竟是留车换电池,还是“止损”换新车,令不少车主陷入两难,也降低了主动参与回收的意愿。从车企角度,根据规定,汽车生产企业是电池回收的主体、负有监督责任,但能不能把电池回收回来,主动权却不在自己手中。当然回收电池只是第一步,进一步来看如何实现有效的梯次利用?如何避免拆卸报废带来的环境污染?把这些问题解决好,方能规避可能出现的风险、最大化提高资源使用效率。

Battery recovery, the difficulty is not \"want \", but\" how to do \". Only from the recycling link, how to balance the interests of car owners, car companies is not a small problem. From the owner's point of view, a battery change often tens of thousands, second-hand car replacement cannot sell the price, whether to keep a car for battery, or \"stop loss\" for new car, so that many car owners into a dilemma, but also reduce the willingness to actively participate in recycling. From the point of view of car enterprises, according to regulations, car production enterprises are the main body of battery recovery, with supervision responsibility, but whether the battery can be recovered, the initiative is not in their own hands. Of course recycling battery is only the first step, further to see how to achieve effective ladder utilization? How to avoid environmental pollution caused by scrapping? Only by solving these problems can we avoid the possible risks and maximize the efficiency of resource use.

  对于这些难题,从中央到地方已经开展了不少有益的尝试。2018年发布的《新能源汽车动力蓄电池回收利用试点实施方案》提出,到2020年,要建立完善动力蓄电池回收利用体系,建设一批退役动力蓄电池高效回收、高值利用的先进示范项目,研究提出促进动力蓄电池回收利用的政策措施。政策大方向早已明确,具体如何做,需要各地因地制宜、探索创新。短期来看,需要通过政策供给,在厘清各个主体回收责任上下功夫,保证电池准确地回收到位。长远来看,需要发挥市场主体作用,在销售、回收、再利用、技术研发等全产业链条发力,让电池回收的制度更完善、监管更严密,让市场有活力、车主有动力。

Many useful attempts have been made from central to local to these difficulties. In 2018, the \"new energy vehicle battery recycling pilot implementation program\" proposed that by 2020, we should establish and improve the power battery recycling system, build a number of retired power battery high-efficiency recycling, high-value utilization of advanced demonstration projects, research and propose policies and measures to promote power battery recycling. The general direction of the policy has long been clear, how to do specific, need to adapt to local conditions, explore innovation. In the short term, it is necessary to make efforts to clarify the main body recovery responsibility through the policy supply to ensure that the battery recovery is in place accurately. In the long run, we need to play the main role of the market, in the sales, recycling, reuse, technology research and development of the whole industry chain to make the battery recycling system more perfect, more strict supervision, so that the market has vitality, car owners have motivation.

  蓄电池回收,既是一个行业发展面临的困境,也是如何提高治理能力的课题。随着新经济、新领域、新业态层出不穷,老问题得到化解,但一些新的挑战也随之而来。不仅仅是新能源汽车,比方说共享经济带来的安全风险和城市管理难题,再比如大数据、人工智能等发展给个人隐私保护带来隐患,应对这些挑战,无不考验治理者的智慧。治理需要不断升级,跟上快速发展的脚步。不断优化管理方式,补齐制度短板,下足“绣花”的功夫,我们才能推动新经济、新业态行稳致远。

Battery recycling, is not only a difficult industry development, but also how to improve governance. With the emergence of new economy, new fields and new forms of business, old problems have been resolved, but some new challenges have followed. It is not just new energy vehicles, such as the security risks of the shared economy and the challenges of urban management, and developments such as big data and artificial intelligence that pose risks to personal privacy, that will test the wisdom of governance. Governance needs to be constantly upgraded to keep pace with rapid development. Only by constantly optimizing the management mode, making up the short board of the system, and making sufficient efforts of \"embroidery \", can we push the new economy and new forms of business steadily far away.

  党的十九届四中全会提出,必须加强和创新社会治理,完善党委领导、政府负责、民主协商、社会协同、公众参与、法治保障、科技支撑的社会治理体系。这启示我们,形成多方参与的合力,是做好新能源汽车电池回收工作的治本之策。从政府到行业,从企业到用户,切实履行责任,汇聚市场主体最大合力,才能不断攻克发展难题。

The fourth Plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee proposed that it is necessary to strengthen and innovate social governance and improve the social governance system supported by party committee leadership, government responsibility, democratic consultation, social coordination, public participation, the rule of law and science and technology. This enlightenment to us, the formation of multi-participating force, is to do a good job in the new energy car battery recovery. From the government to the industry, from the enterprise to the user, effectively fulfill their responsibilities and bring together the largest joint efforts of the main body of the market, we can constantly overcome the development problems.