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2020-01-07 23:26  www.welcome2asia.com


2019 has just passed. According to the calendar, there should be 247 working days and 1976 working hours for the full year of 19. Well, given that 996 has become an annual internet buzzword, it's estimated that a lot of people finished it months ago.


All say 996 ICU, this 996 overtime work finished, also easy to enter ICU rest. People who work more than 10 hours a day have a 29% higher risk of stroke! And longer working hours affect more than just stroke, and blood pressure, a common risk factor for many cardiovascular diseases, increases with longer working hours.


A recent survey of 3,547 white-collar workers in three Quebec institutions by the University of Quebec, including Xavier Trudel and Alain Milot, found that people who worked less than 35 hours a week worked more than 49 hours a week,70 percent and 66 percent higher rates of occult and persistent hypertension, respectively. This study was published in Hypertension [1].


Working overtime isn't a Chinese patent, according to the International Labour Organization. At the beginning of the decade, about a fifth of the world's employees worked more than 48 hours a week, or eight hours a week over six days a week. Even in the economically advanced United States and Europe,19% and 15% of people work more than 48 hours a week, respectively, according to the 2010 and 2015 surveys [3,4]. As for the domestic overtime situation, there is no need to say the singularity.


The hours are long and sleep must be affected. Sitting for a day at work like 996, commuting back and forth for a few more hours, the rest of the time for sleep is not enough, let alone exercise. Even daily meals may be fast food take-out, high in fat and salt, perhaps breakfast has no time to eat.


Lack of sleep, lack of exercise, unhealthy diet. If you run into another grumpy boss, you're under a lot of stress. When blood pressure is high, the cardiovascular mortality rate goes up [5]. Especially the general amount of hidden hypertension, not easy to find, it is difficult to diagnose intervention in time [6].


But in previous studies, perhaps because of the use of clinical measurements and even self-reports to collect blood pressure data, the most accurate ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABP) was not used. This time around, researchers used ABP to study 3,547 institutions in Quebec, Canada.


The 3,547 people, whose main job is to provide insurance services to ordinary Quebec residents, include middle and senior management, professionals, technicians and office workers, including all white-collar jobs.


During the first, third, and fifth years of follow-up, the researchers collected information from participants three times, measured clinical blood pressure (CBP), and monitored ambulatory blood pressure from eight a.m. to four p.m. information was also collected on their work environment, work stress, and risk factors for hypertension such as gender, age, family history, diabetes, etc. A total of 6733 person-times were collected.


based on participants ' clinical and ambulatory blood pressure, the researchers classified them into four categories according to the european society of hypertension guidelines [7]: normal blood pressure (cbp 140/90, abp 135/85), white coat hypertension (cbp ≥140/90, abp 135/85), occult hypertension (cbp 140/90, abp ≥135/85), and persistent hypertension (cbp ≥140/90, abp ≥135/85). People who took antihypertensive drugs were also placed in patients with persistent hypertension.


In the 6733 records of these 3,547 persons, perhaps as institutions, work less than 35 hours,36 to 40 hours,41 to 48 hours and more than 49 hours per week, respectively,%,%,% and%. The corresponding average ages are,,, and. Women accounted for% of those who worked less than 35 hours a week, compared with almost half of the other working-hour groups. among these individuals, the overall prevalence of occult and persistent hypertension was% and%, respectively.


After all, institutions, overtime is still very few. In addition to these 3547 people,33 are not included in the study because they work less than 21 hours a week.


After excluding the effects of age, sex, lifestyle, and even work stress, working more than 49 hours a week is still associated with a 70% increase in the incidence of occult hypertension and a 66% increase in the incidence of persistent hypertension. and work 41-48 hours a week, also associated with a 51% increase in the incidence of occult hypertension. Within 40 hours a week, there was little effect on the incidence of these two types of hypertension.


Moreover, this result has excluded the effect of work pressure. When domestic companies are taken into account, people who work overtime are often more stressed and may have a higher risk of high blood pressure.


\"People should be aware that long hours of work may affect their heart health, and if they work long hours, they should consult a doctor for ambulatory blood pressure monitoring,\" said Trudel, author of the paper. Hidden hypertension affects a person for a long time, and it increases the risk of cardiovascular disease in the long run. Our previous studies have shown that about a fifth of patients with occult hypertension have never exhibited hypertension in a clinical setting for more than five years, which may delay diagnosis and treatment.


1。 Trudel X, Brisson C, Gilbert-Ouimet M, et al. LongWorkingHoursandthePrevalenceofMaskedandSustainedHypertension [J]. Hypertension,2019: HYPERTEN SIONAHA. 。


2。 Messenger JC, Lee S, McCann D. Working time around the world: Trendsinworkinghours, laws, andpoliciesinaglobalcomparativeperspective [M]. Routledge,2007.


3。 Alterman T, Luckhaupt SE, Dahlhamer JM, et al. PrevalenceratesofworkorganizationcharacteristicsamongworkersintheUS datafromthe2010NationalHealthInterviewSurvey [J]. Americanjournalofindustrialmedicine,2013,56(6):647-659.


4。 Parent-Thirion A, Biletta I, Cabreta J, et al. Eurofound, sixtheuropeanworkingconditionssurvey -overview report (2017 update)[ J]. PublicationsOfficeoftheEuropeanUnion, Luxebourg Google Scholar,2017.


5。 Banegas JR, Ruilope LM, dela Sierra A, et al. Relationshipbetweenclinicandambulatoryblood - pressuremeasurementsandmortality [J]. New England Journal of Medicine,2018,378(16):1509-11520.


6。 Trudel X, Milot A, Brisson C. Persistenceandprogressionofmaskedhypertension: a5-yearspectivestudy [J]. Internationaljournalofhypertension 2013,2013.


7。 O'BRIENE. EuropeanSocietyofHypertensionWorkingGrouponBloodPressureMonitoring: EuropeanSocietyofHypertensionrecommendationsforconventional, ambulatoryandhomebloodpressuremeasurement [J]. JHypertens,2003,21:82-1-848.